Rural Architecture in the New World: The Evolution of Barns in New York

When European farmers began colonizing the New World, rural architecture from their Dutch, English and German backgrounds was adapted to the new surroundings and available resources, making for unique agricultural structures.

Windfall Dutch Barn
Windfall Dutch Barn, ca. 1800, Salt Springville, Montgomery County. Geometric holes in the siding near the peak of the gable end allowed ventilation as well as access for birds, which helped control rodent and insect pests.
Photo by Cornell University Press.