Land Ownership Was Dream Come True

A shoemaker and his family learn much on farmland in Nebraska.

| Good Old Days

Grandpa often wished he was a landowner like his brother-in-law, Giuseppe Spera. His prosperous olive and lemon groves allowed him to work in the fresh air and sunshine, and during slack time, he fished in the Gulf of Castellammare. But Grandpa was a shoemaker. He was always too busy for leisure time.

During family gatherings, he heard repetitious stories of the horrors of war and uprisings. His forefathers had fled Greece because of the barbarous Turks. Now, Grandpa faced the heavy taxes that had been levied in Italy for 100 years to support the military.

He wanted to raise his family free from heavy taxation and wars, and he still dreamed of being a landowner.

One day, Grandpa received a letter from his cousin in America. Cousin Luigi said free land was available in Nebraska by fulfilling six months of residency and farming the land. Grandpa had no knowledge of farming but could learn for the privilege of land ownership. Just think! Free land!

Grandma was not so excited, but consented to the move. They agreed that Grandma would remain there with Rosie, the oldest child, until Grandpa could file on some land.

Disposing of his business, he booked passage on a merchant vessel to America, landing at Ellis Island, New York, in February of 1888. Because of the language barrier and not knowing where to go, he began walking down the street. A kind woman called from her window in Italian, "You must be freezing in those light clothes; come in and have coffee and a sandwich!" Hearing his plight, she referred him to a bachelor friend, who offered him shelter in his apartment. Grandpa slept on the floor on his first night in America.

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