How to Cook a Turkey

Cooking tips to ensure a moist turkey this holiday season, whether you choose a roast turkey, deep-fried turkey, or smoked turkey.

| Fall 2017

  • Roasted turkey and all the fixings for Thanksgiving Day.
    Photo by Getty Images/bhofack2
  • No matter how you cook your turkey, plenty of liquid, generous amounts of seasoning, and cooking it to the precise internal temperature will ensure juicy and delicious meat.
    Photo by Getty Images/PaulCowan
  • Brining or marinating your bird for 12 to 24 hours before cooking it allows liqids and flavorings to seep into the meat, creating a juicy and flavorful end result.
    Photo by Getty Images/LazingBee
  • For added flavor and juiciness, melted butter or marinade can be injected into the turkey before cooking it.
    Photo by Getty Images/JodiJacobson
  • To produce the best flavor of turkey, be very generous with the seasonings when you cook it. Add seasonings to the bird itself, as well as to the cooking liquid.
    Photo by Getty Images/grandriver
  • A deep-fried turkey is a great way to shake up Thanksgiving traditions.
    Photo by Getty Images/grandriver

It seems as though everyone has their own favorite way to cook a turkey. Just ask anyone – or browse the internet – and you'll get a zillion different answers. The differences are generally either a matter of taste preference or because that's how the cook was taught by Mom or Grandma. 

Some people suggest cooking the bird in the oven, others say a roaster oven is best, and some recommend a smoker or fryer. Many folks use a roasting bag to ensure juiciness, while others implore the old-fashioned method of simply placing the bird, breast side up, in a roasting pan.

When it comes to brining, some people swear it's the only way to go, while other folks would never dream of brining a perfectly delicious bird. Brining is simply the process of soaking meat in a mixture of salt and either water or broth. This method makes the turkey juicy and tender, and gives it flavor. In addition to the salt and liquid, many cooks add herbs, such as parsley, chives, sage, rosemary, and thyme, to the brine, and oftentimes they'll throw in some onion wedges and celery stalks as well. Some people even add a few orange or apple slices to provide a little sweetness to the turkey.

Brining is definitely a matter of taste preference, since some of the salt soaks into the turkey meat. Some people find brined turkey too salty, while others think turkey that wasn't brined doesn't have much flavor. It should be noted that for anyone with high blood pressure or who is on a low-sodium diet, brining should be avoided. Even if you choose not to brine, there are still plenty of things you can do to produce a juicy, tender, flavorful turkey.

Keys to Tender, Juicy Turkey

The most important things to remember, no matter how you cook your turkey, is to give it plenty of liquid, lots of seasoning, and to cook it to the precise internal temperature.

Since moisture evaporates from the meat as the turkey cooks, I always soak the bird – whether in a brine, or in a marinade made of water or broth, herbs, and vegetables (no salt) – for several hours before cooking it, which allows the meat to absorb some of the liquid and seasonings. That way, when you cook the turkey, there's more moisture in the meat, so although some of the moisture will evaporate, a good portion of it will remain.



September 12-13, 2019
Seven Springs, Pennsylvania

Fermentation Frenzy! is produced by Fermentation magazine in conjunction with the MOTHER EARTH NEWS FAIR. This one-and-a-half day event is jam-packed with fun and informative hands-on sessions.


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